Journal #21/ Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs/ 031809


Abraham Maslow, the father of humanistic psychologist, was born in New York on April 1, 1908. He was a psychologist who came up with the concept of the hierarchy of human needs.

Maslow divided the hierarchy of human needs into five distinct levels. The basic lowest level, according to Maslow are the physiological needs which include the materialistic needs such as food and shelter. When the physiological needs are met, the next level, which is the safety need is taken into consideration. This includes the security of body, family, health, and property. Nextly, when the two lowest levels of needs are fulfilled, a person will search for love and belonging. This holds a more abstract concept than the more materialistic and visible survival needs of lower levels. A person would long for friendship, family, and love. When a person gets involved in a community that gives him love and belonging, he would then strive for esteem which includes confidence and achievement. People will constantly try to become a better person and try to gain respect from others in the society. The highest level of the hierarchy is self-actualization, which includes morality and creativity.

I do not think that this hierarchy of human needs applies to the people in North Korea who are starving to death. They do not have the basic physiological needs like food and shelter. Since they are constantly searching for the material goods, such as food and clothing, they do not even have the chance and ability to long for the higher levels. I believe that the lower levels must be met in order to move on to the next level.

March 18, 2009. Uncategorized. Leave a comment.